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Becker, Lori. 1998. “'Reseeding' a Neighborhood.” Lexington Herald-Leader, July 2, 1998.

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Fishback, Price V., Jessica LaVoice, Allison Shertzer, Randall Walsh. 2020. "The HOLC Maps: How Race and Poverty Influenced Real Estate Professionals’ Evaluation of Lending Risk in the 1930S." Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. NBER Working Paper 28146. © 2020.

Fishback, Price V., Jonathan Rose, Kenneth A. Snowden, Thomas Storrs. 2021. "New Evidence on Redlining by Federal Housing Programs in the 1930s."  Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. NBER Working Paper 29244. © 2021.

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Michney, Todd M., and LaDale Winling. 2020. “New Perspectives on New Deal Housing Policy: Explicating and Mapping HOLC Loans to African Americans.” Journal of Urban History 46, no.1: 150–80.

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Musgrave, Beth. 2017. “Revival of Older Neighborhoods Risks Pricing Out Residents.” Lexington Herald-Leader, January 3, 2017.

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Poole, Lauren A. R., and Douglas R. Appler. 2020. "Building a Local Preservation Ethic in the Era of Urban Renewal: How Did Neighborhood Associations Shape Historic Preservation Practice in Lexington, Kentucky?" Journal of Urban History. Vol. 46, no.2: 383–405.

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Where to find materials we have cited 

Academic journal articles

JSTOR.ORG is "a digital library for the intellectually curious," where you can search for articles to download or read online. University faculty and students can usually gain access through their academic libraries. Independent researchers can subscribe for access to free content, plus another 100 articles per month (upgraded from 6 per month during the COVID crisis). To learn more and subscribe, go to If we have found an article through we usually provide the link.

For other articles we obtained online we have included a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) but we don't promise every such article is still available online.

University of Kentucky Libraries. Many academic articles are available through the UK libraries' Infokat: You can read and download some articles from home; for others, you need to be physically on campus. Community members who are 18 or over can also check out books with a community borrower's card.

 Local government documents

Most of the older items are available through the Lexington Public Library Digital Archive. To start, go to About halfway down the page is a search box where you can search by keyword. In the reference list we have noted the items we retrieved from the digital archive. 

Most of the more recent government and organization reports are available online, and we have provided the URLs. 

Lexington newspaper articles

Lexington Public Library provides several ways to find newspaper articles. Start by going to, then scroll down to "Local History" near the bottom of the page. There you will find Kentucky News Source (several newspapers and other media), Lexington Herald-Leader (full text articles 1983 to present, and Lexington Herald-Leader Digital Issues (articles in original printed format September 2017 to present). You will also find a link to the invaluable Local History Index, which offers citations to local newspaper articles from 1787 to 2007.  The actual newspapers are available on microfilm at the library, or you can request up to four photocopies at a time to receive by email.